Smu Spring 2013 Assignments Solved

 

Spring 2013

Master of Business Administration- MBA Semester 1MB0048

Operations Research- 4 Credits(Book ID: B1631) Assignment Set - 1 (60 Marks)

Note: Assignment Set -1 must be written within 6-8 pages. Answer all questions.Q1.

Explain the scope of Operations Research. What are the features of OperationsResearch?

10 marks

Q2.

Six Operators are to be assigned to five jobs with the cost of assignment in Rs. givenin the matrix below. Determine the optimal assignment. Which operator will have noassignment?

Operators

Jobs

1

2

3

4

5

1

6 2 5 2 6

2

2 5 8 7 7

3

7 8 6 9 8

4

6 2 3 4 5

5

9 3 8 9 7

6

4 7 4 6 8

10 marks

Q3.

a. Explain the Monte Carlo Simulation. b. A Company produces 150 cars. But the production rate varies with the distribution.

Production Rate

147 148 149 150 151 152 153

Probability

0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.30 0.15 0.05At present the track will hold 150 cars. Using the following random numbersdetermine the average number of cars waiting for shipment in the company andaverage number of empty space in the truck. Random Numbers 82, 54, 50, 96, 85,34, 30, 02, 64, 47.

5 +5 = 10marks(200 - 250words each)

Q4.

Explain the Characteristics and Constituents of a Queuing System.

10 marks(300 - 350wordseach)

Research?

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According to Porter, there are five forces which affect the level of competition for any industry.He classified these five forces as rivalry, customers, suppliers, entrants and substitutes. He alsosuggested three strategies which help an organization to gain an edge over its competition. Let usnow look at the three strategies suggested by Porter –1) Cost leadership strategy2) Differentiation strategy3) Focused strategy.Apart from the above strategies, some companies follow an integrated strategy which is acombination of two or more of the above strategies.

3. Functional Strategy

The functional level of an organization refers to the level of the departments or operatingsections. The strategies for the functional unit relate to the business processes for that function.Functional level strategies may differ from one function to the other depending upon whether thefunction relates to marketing, finance, HR or operations. These strategies devise the way forwardfor that function by realigning the business processes of the function and increasing the savingsor profits. The functional units also serve to input the necessary details for the business unit levelor corporate level strategies. Once these strategies are decided by the top brass, the functionalunits prepare action plans to implement these strategies at their level.For functional strategies to be more effective, it is important to ensure that the organization has asound functional structure. A good functional structure is based on the elements of clarity,specialisation, co-ordination, skill development and suitability. If the functional structure iscohesive, it contributes to better implementation of the functional strategy. On the other hand, if the employees are unclear about the function’s structure, they are likely to be less productive asthey are unsure about their standing in the organization. An organization can classify itsfunctions on the basis of product departments, geographical departments, strategic business units,

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