Unit 7 Fitness Testing For Sport And Exercise Assignment Sheet

 

Unit One Introduction

In today’s society, we can easily fall into the trap of 

developing a sedentary lifestyle; we usethe car rather than walk to the local shops, we take the lift rather than the stairs, and our

hectic lifestyle doesn’t seem to allow us the time to engage in regular physical activity.

Establishing and maintaining a

desirable level of fitness is more important than ever; it’s

paramount to the future health of the nation.The overall relationship between fitness and health affects performance in our everydaylives, whether it be sport- or work-related. Fitness is vital to achieving success in sport, andfitness testing plays a valuable role in the development of personal fitness levels. Sportsperformers regularly participate in fitness tests to determine their baseline measures.Fitness testing results are then used to identify strengths and areas for improvement.Fitness testing results are also used to predict future performance and provide feedback onthe effectiveness of a training programme.Fitness testing can be carried out in a health club setting. Health clubs screen clients forcontraindications to exercise, and fitness testing enables the instructor to determinebaseline measures, using the results as a basis for exercise programme design.This unit is particularly relevant for those who aspire to work in sports coaching, fitnessinstruction and elite sport.The first part of the unit looks at a range of laboratory and field-based fitness tests. Learnerswill explore the different tests available and the benefits and drawbacks of laboratory andfield-based fitness test. Learners will also be introduced to the practice of health screeningand how to carry out health monitoring tests.The second part of the unit will develop the skills and knowledge to be able to follow fitnesstest protocol, taking into account validity and reliability. Learners will develop skills to beable to administer fitness tests in a safe and effective manner, interpreting results againstrecommended values, providing feedback to an individual regarding how fitness levels canbe improved.The content of this unit is divided into four areas of learning focused around:

a range of laboratory-based and field-based fitness tests L01

health screening techniques L02

administration of appropriate fitness tests L03

interpreting the results of fitness tests and providing feedback L04

Learning Outcomes

In order to meet the assessment criteria you will be set a variety of assessment tasks thatwill require you to variously:i)

devise, select, administer,ii)

describe, justify, compareiii)

evaluate and analyse

Transcript of Unit 7 Fitness testing for sport and exercise

BTEC Level 3 Subsidiary in Sport
Unit 7: Fitness Testing for Sport and Exercise
Learning Outcome:
To know a range of laboratory-based and field based fitness test.

Success Criteria:
P1 To
describe
one test for each component of fitness, including advantages and disadvantages

M1To
explain
the advantages and disadvantages of fitness tests including the
validity
and
reliability
of each test.

Types of Fitness Tests
skill related tests
: Look at the neuromuscular components of fitness and determine how successful how a person can perform a specific skill.

Health related tests:
Look at the anatomical and physiological components. They take direct measurement such as heart rate, strength etc. and determine a persons physical performance capacity.
Power
Equipment:
Wall
Tape measure
Step ladder
Calk
Assistant
Procedure
Warm up prior to the test.
Participant chalks their fingertips.
Participant stands with their dominant side nearest the wall, feet together and reaches up high to place a mark on the wall (assistant records standing reach height).
The participant then bends their knees and jumps as high as they can off the floor making a mark on the wall at the peak of their jump (jump height).
The assistant measures and records the distance between the standing reach height and the jump height, this is the score.
The participant repeats the test 3 times.
The assistant calculates the average of the recorded distances and uses this value to assess performance.
Vertical jump
What is tested
:Anaerobic power of the quadriceps muscles.

Purpose of the test
:To measure the power of the legs in jumping vertically upward
Equipment
Sit and reach box
Assistant
Sit and reach test
Suppleness
What is tested:
Range of movement.

Purpose of test:
To objective is measure the athletes lower back and hamstring flexibility.
Equipment
Non-slip surface
Exercise mat
Stopwatch
Assistant
Procedure:
• Participant lies on mat on their back, knees bent to 90 degrees, feet flat on the floor and arms crossed across their chest.
• On the command of go the athlete performs sit ups until their elbows touch their knees.
• They return back to the start position with their head touching the floor. That will be one repetition.
• Repeat for one minute.
• Assistant counts number of successful sit ups.



1 minute sit up test
What is tested:
Muscular endurance

Purpose of test:
To test the muscular endurance of the abdominal muscle group by measuring the amount of sit ups a person can preform.
Muscular Endurance
Body Composition
Equipment
Skinfold callipers
Assistant
Skin fold
What is tested
:
Body composition

Purpose of test
:
Skin fold measurement gives an indication of body composition. It is the most commonly used field test for this component of fitness, but needs practice!
Procedure
Ensure participant is comfortable.
Take the measurements on the
RIGHT
side of the body.
Take measures from biceps, triceps, sub scapular, supralliac.
Pinch the skin 1 cm above the marked site.
Pull the fat away from the muscle
Place the calipers halfway between the top and bottom of the skinfold.
Allow the calipers to settle for one or two seconds.
Take the reading and record.
Wait 15 seconds before repeating for accuracy.
Add up the total of the four measurements.
Calculate body fat percentage

Balance
Purpose:
To monitor the development of the athlete's ability to maintain a state of equilibrium in a static position.
Standing Stork Test
Equipment
Sports hall/ gymnasium
Stopwatch
Assistant
Procedure:
The participant warms up.
The participant stands comfortably on both feet with their hands on their hips
The participant lifts the right leg and places the sole of the right foot against the side of the left kneecap
The assistant gives the command “GO”, starts the stopwatch and the participant raises the heel of the left foot to stand on their toes.
The participant holds this position for as long as possible.
The assistant stops the stopwatch when the athlete’s left heel touches the ground or the right foot moves away from the left knee.
The assistance records the time.
The participant rests for 3 minutes.
Repeat on opposite leg and records time.
Co-ordination
Alternate hand wall throw
Purpose
:To monitor the ability of the athlete's vision system to coordinate the information received through the eyes to control, guide, and direct the hands in the accomplishment of catching a ball
Equipment
Tennis Ball
Stopwatch
Smooth Wall
Assistant
Procedure:
The participant warms up.
Participant stands 2m away from a smooth wall.
The assistant gives the command "GO" and starts the stopwatch
The athlete throws a tennis ball with their right hand against the wall and catches it with the left hand, throws the ball with the left hand and catches it with the right hand.
The assistant counts the number of catches and stops the test after 30 seconds.
The assistant records the number of catches.
Agility
Illinois Agility Test

Agility is an important component for many team sports. The Illinois agility test monitors the development of an athlete's agility by timing a run around a designated coned area.
Equipment
Flat non slip surface
8 cones
Stop watch
Tape measure
Assistant
Procedure
The assistance sets up the course as detailed in the diagram
The athlete lies face down on the floor at the “Start” cone
The assistant gives the command “GO” and starts the stopwatch.
The athlete jumps to his/her feet and negotiates the course around the cones following the red line route shown in the diagram to the finish
The assistant stops the stopwatch and records the time when the athlete passes the “Finish” cone
Minimal equipment required
Simple to set up and conduct.
The athletes ability to turn in different directions and different angles is tested.
Can be conducted almost anywhere.
Choice of footwear and surface of area can effect times greatly.
Results can be subject to timing inconsistencies, which may be overcome by using timing gates.
Cannot distinguish between left and right turning ability.
No equipment required
Simple to set up and conduct
Can be conducted almost anywhere
Assistant required to administer the test.
Minimal equipment and minimal costs are involved in conducting this test.
It can be self-administered.
Can be conducted almost anywhere.
The ability to catch the ball can be affected by how hard and straight the ball is thrown to the wall.
You may want to draw a target on the wall to help with throwing accuracy.
The test results may be skewed if the subject 'flukes' a few catches, so repeating the test a few times may result in more accurate results.
Reaction Time
Ruler drop test
Purpose
: To monitor an athletes reaction time.
Equipment
Meter ruler
Assistant
Procedure:
The ruler is held by the assistant between the index finger and thumb of the participants dominant hand, so that the top of the participants thumb is level with the 0cm line on the ruler.
The assistant instructs the participant to catch the ruler as soon as possible after it has been released.
The assistant releases the ruler and the participant catches the ruler between their index finger and thumb as quick as possible.
The assistant is to record distance between the bottom of the ruler and the top of the participants thumb where the ruler has been caught.
The test is repeated 2 more times and the average value used in the assessment.
Minimal equipment required.
Simple to set up and conduct.
Can be conducted almost anywhere.


The relevance of the test to sporting activity is questionable. Where possible the testing environment should reflect the environment of the game or activity for which the athlete is being tested.
The test only measures visual reaction time, but in many sporting situations, such as the 100m sprint, reaction time to an audio cue is required.
Equipment
Flat non-slip surface
Measuring tape
Stopwatch
Cones
Assistant
Procedure:
• The participant must warm up.
• Measure out the 35m with tape and mark with cones
• The participant will line up at the start line in a standing start position.
• The starter will say ‘marks, set, go’.
• Upon ‘go’ the starter will start the stop watch and the participant will run the 35m as quickly as possible.
• Record the time.
• This run should be repeated after three minutes
• Take the best time from the two run times.
• The participant should perform a cool down to prevent muscle soreness.


35m Sprint
What is tested:
Speed

Purpose of test:
To test sprint acceleration.
Speed
Aerobic Endurance
What is tested
: Aerobic endurance / Stamina

Purpose of the test
:
To estimate maximal oxygen uptake and utilisation
(VO2max)
by administering a progressive shuttle run test that starts off easy and gets faster until the athlete reaches exhaustion.
Bleep Test
Equipment
Flat non-slip surface
Tape measure
Cones
Bleep test audio CD
CD Player
Recording sheets
Assistant
Procedure:
Measure a distance of 20m and mark with two cones.
Participants should warm up prior to the test.
The participants stand behind one of the lines facing the second line, and begin running when instructed by the recording.
The participants continue running between the two lines, turning when signaled by the recorded beeps.
The recording starts off slow and gradually gets faster.
If the line is reached before the beep sounds, the subject must wait until the beep sounds before continuing.
If the participant fails to get to the other end before the bleep on 3 consecutive occasions then they are out (2 chances).
Record the level at which the participant stopped the test.

What is tested
: Muscular Strength.

Purpose of the test
: To give an objective measure of strength generated by the muscles in the forearm.
Equipment
Dynamometer
Assistant
Procedure:
• Adjust handgrip to fit your hand comfortably.
Hold dynamometer parallel to the side of your side (straight arm) with dial facing away from your body.
• Squeeze the dynamometer for 5 seconds, without moving your arm and breathing out as you do so.
• Repeat test with other hand.
• Repeat 3 times on each side, there should be 1 minute rest between trials.
• Record three readings and choose the highest to refer to normative data chart.

Strength
Handgrip dynamometer
Procedure:
Warm up for 5 minutes prior to test.
The test should be done with shoes off and in non- restrictive clothing.
The participant sits with their legs together and straight, with feet flat against the sit and reach box.
The participant places one hand on top of the other and leans forward from the hips as far as possible, pushing the marker along the top of the box.
Record the furthest point the marker reaches.
Perform the test three times and record the best measurement.


The test does continue to maximise effort unlike other endurance tests.

Cost
: It can be performed cheaply as large groups be tested at once with minimal equipment.

Time
: It is efficient as large groups can be tested at once.

Equipment
: Limited equipment required.

Skill level of test administrator
:
Requires minimal skill to administer.

Validity
:Suitable for sports teams and has high correlation to actual VO2 max scores.



Scoring can be subjective.

Facility requirements & Reliability:
Environmental conditions can affect the results especially if the test is completed outside.

Reliability
:
Motivation levels can influence the amount of effort expended.

Validity:
Not suitable for populations where a maximal exercise test would be contraindicated e.g. favors runners over swimmers.


Cost
:
Handgrip dynamometers are cheap.

Time:
Quick to administer test.

Equipment & facility requirements:

Can be conducted anywhere all that is required is a handgrip dynamomteter.

Skill level of test administrator:
It's a simple and safe test to administer



Validity:
The validity of this test to measure general strength has been questioned, as the strength of the forearm muscles does not always represent the strength of other muscle groups.

Reliability:
The handgrip dynamometer must be adjusted properly for the hand size of the athlete.
There is plenty of normative data for comparisons.

Cost:
Equipment required is relativity cheap.

Time:
Quick to administer.

Equipment & facility Requirements:
Minimal equipment required and can be conducted anywhere.

Validity:
Results are more accurate if a sit and reach box is used.

Skill level of test administrator:
Simple test to conduct.



Validity
:
The test only measures flexibility in the region of the lower back and hamstrings, so it cannot give an overall score of flexibility.

Reliability:
The extent to which the subject has warmed up may well affect results and also if the subject is wearing shoes

A simple test that is widely used.

Cost:
Skinfold calipers cost minimal compared to other methods e.g. hydrostatic weighing

Equipment & facility requirements:
Requires skinfold calipers and can be conducted anywhere as long as there is privacy.
Time:
Can only measure one person at any one time.

Reliability
:
The reliability of this test can vary form tester to tester depending on their skill and experience.


Validity:

Measurements often contain errors therefore to ensure accurate measurements take the mean of two separate measurements.

Skill level of test administrator:

For consistently accurate results a high skill level is required.
Cost:
Minimal cost required for this test.

Time
:
Effective as large groups can participate in the test at once.

Equipment & Facility Requirements
: Minimal equipment and facility requirements.

Skill level of test administrator
: Simple to set up and conduct.

Validity:
This test isolates the abdominal muscles therefore giving a true representation of the abdominal muscular endurance
Reliability
: The correct technique is essential for successful completion of the test. Therefore the subject must be told the correct technique.

Validity:
The test is maximal and therefore relies upon participant’s motivation.
Time:
Doesn't take long to set up.

Equipment:
Minimal equipment required.

Cost:
Cheap as no special equipment is required.

Facility
: Requires quite a lot of space.

Reliability
: Although timing gates are costly
they would make results more accurate.

Validity
: If preforming test outside the weather conditions must be similar for each test as this could affect results.

Validity:
Motivation levels may invalidate results.
Cost:
A simple and cheap test.

Time:
Quick to administer and large groups can perform the test at once.

Equipment & facility requirements
: Minimal equipment required.

Skill level of test administrator:
Simple test to administer.
Reliability:
Dependent upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test.

Validity
: Errors can be made when measuring between reach height and jump height therefore taking an average of three tests promotes validity.

Full transcript

0 thoughts on “Unit 7 Fitness Testing For Sport And Exercise Assignment Sheet

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *