The Damned Human Race by Mark Twain is an essay that explains his harsh views on humanity by comparing and contrasting the world’s actions to those of animals. The essay is successful in the sense that it influences the reader to feel the feelings that the author, Mark Twain is also feeling. He is able to get the reader to gather the emotions he is portraying through his metaphors. Mark Twain’s essay uses many metaphors relating us to animals.
The use of these metaphors is a good way for the audience to truly gain an understanding of why Mark Twain feels that mankind has become so evil and heartless. Mark Twain states “Roosters keep harems, but it is by consent of their concubines; therefore no wrong is done. Men keep harems but it is by brute force, privileged by atrocious laws which the other sex were allowed no hand in making. In this matter man occupies a far lower place than the rooster. ”(Twain, Mark 3) This is a good example of Mark Twain using animals to explain the depletion of humanity.
Mark Twain uses a different style of writing than what he is most famous for. He is famous for fictional stories specifically written into long length books. However, it would peek one’s interest to know that he also writes essays. They may not be up to MLA standards but how could they be if this was so far back in time when the essay was written. Mark Twain uses a pathos style of persuasion. Pathos being an emotional appeal. He is persuading the audience to feel the emotions he is feeling towards such disgrace at mankind.
He is drawing pity from the audience as well as inspiring anger within them to possibly promote action to change the evil ways of our people. He chooses empathy from his writing. Mark Twain writes on his beliefs and not on scientific evidence. His beliefs are quite crass and bias. However the use of his words is not meant to prove any theory to be true. He is simply explaining his feelings on how man is not only animalistic but of a lower species of animal. He does explain that some animals are of good nature and that some animals are not.
The Damned Human Race Essay
Within his essay of The Damned Human Race, author Mark Twain powerfully declares that the human race is both flawed and corrupt, and that people actually should be classified as "lower animals" rather than the formerly known "higher animals." Twain does not hold claim to a Darwinian or creation standpoint, but rather draws conclusions from his own observations in performed experiments. He states that "man is the cruel animal," and that we can attribute this to his moral character. However, there appears to be another side which contradicts his findings. Perhaps man is indeed the "highest animal," but possesses something which other animals do not.
Twain claims that his observations are based on experiments executed in the London Zoological Gardens. With these examinings, he went on to state that humans displayed a variety of shortcoming not seen in other animals. His first point was that humans were cruel, while other animals were not. This was backed by the story of the hunter killing seventy-two buffalo, and eating only part of one. He contradicted this by experimenting with anacondas and calves. The anaconda only killed what it needed, as opposed to the Earl. This seemed to suggest to Twain that the man descended from the anaconda, and not the other way around. Perhaps the Earl did not respect the buffalo, which is true. But does it mean that all humans always kill to be cruel and wasteful? Or could some animals exhibit signs of Twain's "cruelty?" Many individuals in the world today are very caring for each other, as well as other animals. They show the utmost kindness for one another and the planet they live on. On the other hand, there are many species of animals that kill just because they can. Part of the reasoning behind this is that numerous animals have tendencies of aggressiveness. There is no reasoning behind it, but is clearly found in their innate and learned behaviors.
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