Greek Vs Roman Architecture Essays

Example of a Compare and Contrast essay on Art about:

roman / greek / architecture / ancient greece / ancient rome / temple / construction / Colosseum / pantheon / building


Ancient Greek architecture is featured by two main orders, namely the Doric and the Ionic. Greeks effectively applied these architectural styles in constructing buildings, theatres and temples. The Doric style was predominantly applied in mainland Greece with a further spread to the Greek settlements in Italy. The Ionic style was applied in Ionia and the Aegean islands. At that, the Doric style was more austere and formal, whereas the Ionic was more decorative and relaxed.

The styles are mostly reflected in the three orders of column capitals, bearing different decoration and design features. The examples of the Doric order are the Temple of Hephaestus and Parthenon Athens. In turn, the Iconic masterpieces include the temple of Athena Nike on the Acropolis and the Erechtheum. The Ionic order gained dominance during the Hellenistic period, however was prone to a great deal of resistance by many Greek States.

Compared to Romans, in their architectural constructions and designs the ancient Greeks applied wood for roof beams, plaster for bathtubs, brick for walls, marble and limestone for walls, columns, and upper portions of public buildings and temples, terracotta for ornaments and roof tiles, and metals for decorative details to construct civic, religious, domestic, recreational, and funerary buildings.

The commonest form of Greek public architecture was temple, with altar standing under the open sky in the sacred or temenos fane before the temple. Temples were closely associated with the cult of the god. Palaestra (gymnasiums) served as the social centre for males, namely physical exercises and athletic contests.

Council chambers in Greek cities served the functions of a meeting place for the town council and court houses. In contrast to ancient Romans, Greeks did not apply domes and arches, and therefore could not build constructions with huge interior spaces. Theaters were the specific spots in al ancient Greek towns used either for public meetings or dramatic performances. The theatres were constructed in the form of semi-circle extending round the central performance area.

Ancient Romans, on the other hand, developed their architecture on the basis of the standards of the classical Greek architecture. Arch and Dome are regarded as the distinctive features of the ancient Roman architecture. Roman buildings significantly differed from those of Greek and so the new architectural style was created. Mainly because of high population densities and wealth in the cities, the ancient Romans discovered their own architectural solutions.

In particular, they applied arches and vaults as well as building materials enabling them to attain the unprecedented progress in the construction of public structures. The Colosseum, the basilicas, the Baths of Caracalla and the baths of Diocletian, the aqueducts of Rome, the Pantheon, are all relevant proofs of genuinely Roman architectural innovations.

These impressive buildings all served important public functions, In contrast to Greek aesthetic axioms; these objectives were attained with a wide scope of public effect.

As well as this, Roman architecture was determined depending on the Roman religion. The Pantheon, for example, is an amazing engineering construction created to serve purely religious purposes and religious services


Roman Architecture Essay

     The city of Rome has many of the great architectural feats of the ancient world. Many of these buildings and other assorted structures, although they were built around 2000 years ago, are still standing and even in use. At the start of Roman history, they imported their marble from another great ancient city; Greece. However, they did eventually find quarries in northern Italy that held an abundance of white marble. This marble helped them become the great architectural city that we see even in present times.
     Later on, in the first century AD, the Romans began to use concrete in greater use. The architects of Rome used this concrete to make many structures including domes, arches, and vaults. They added bricks to these structures to improve the strength of the building. After adding the bricks, they put on an extra layer of marble for decoration.
     One of the biggest improvements that the Romans made in architecture was the invention of the arch. These arches added a great amount of weight to the structure. To help support this weight, the Romans invented a type of building material that is called a keystone block. The force on top of the arch was directed down to this keystone block. Because of the shape of the keystone block, this force was then pushed through the voussoir blocks that formed the top of the arch. The force then went through the impost and the piers, finally ending up at the foundation. This helped support many of Rome’s great structures.
     One of the most famous Roman buildings is the Pantheon. The dome of the Pantheon spans 142 feet. The portico of the Pantheon is 46 feet high. It is made of granite, and its pillars are of the Corinthian style. The entablature of the Pantheon states a famous inscription stating that the construction was oversaw by Agrippa. The interior of the Pantheon is in the shape of a cylinder. The diameter at the floor of the cylinder is also 142 feet, which is equal to the height of the interior of the cylinder. The top of the cylinder has a hole in the middle, called an oculus. This oculus is 29 feet from one side to the other. The actual dome is made out of rings of concrete. These rings of concrete have less weight as the raise in height. They also become much less thick towards the top. While the bottom rings were 20 feet thick, they become only 4 feet thick at the oculus. In ancient times, the outside walls had colored marble on them.      
     The pantheon was...

Loading: Checking Spelling


Read more

Ancient Greek and Roman Architecture Essay

1240 words - 5 pages Roman Architecture Roman architecture implemented many characteristics of Ancient Greek architecture. The Romans showed the influence of their engineering skills and secular monuments, while Greek architecture exhibited the influence of their gods and ideas of physical perfection. The use of arches, the dome and concrete permitted the ancient Romans to attain extraordinary achievements in the construction of imposing structures for public use....

Ambition and Architecture Compares layout and motivations behind Egyptian and Roman architecture.

2051 words - 8 pages Ambition and ArchitectureThroughout history, man has built. Architecture, whether it is monumental or not, carries an important role in our society, not merely for functional purposes, but also as a means of communication. Eloquence without words, although difficult, is accomplished effectively through architecture because buildings often functions as a center, or at least a very important part, of life. Whether a building is religious...

Pope Sixtus V and Roman art and architecture

1588 words - 6 pages Pope Sixtus V and Shah Abbas envisioned improvements for Rome and Isfahan as they used construction of new buildings, streets and monuments to encourage further development of their prized towns. Sixtus V chose to show new order to Rome as a result of the Counter-Reformation. Shah Abbas focused on displaying Isfahan's wealth and power. Exploring articles pertaining...


559 words - 2 pages Architecture began to develop with human life.This development is the impact of the environment is inevitable. Different geographical conditions,climate properties are some of them .In addition different cultures,thoughts,reqyests,expectations,life style are social effects.These differences in line with consist of original thinking in architecture.These thoughts are lead up to formation of architectural movements in over time.Some of these...

A Study of Ancient and Modern Architecture

1736 words - 7 pages Behind every architectural work there is an architect, whether the architect is one man or woman, a small group, or an entire people. The structure created by any of these architects conveys a message about the architect: their culture, their identity, their struggles. Because of the human element architects offer to their work not just a building is made, but a work of art, a symbol of a people, a representation, is also...

Key Characteristics of Gothic Architecture

1538 words - 6 pages What architectural changes were necessary in the shift from Romanesque to Gothic cathedrals in Europe and what inspirational changes influenced these changes? A. Plan of Investigation This investigation’s purpose is to analyze the changes in the architectural technique of the Romanesque style of architecture and come to a conclusion as to whether the shift in technique led to the rise of the more grandiose Gothic architecture in Europe. All art...

Art and Architecture Steering an Ancient Society

1563 words - 6 pages The architecture of the Pantheon, remodeled by Hadrain, “provides ample proof of Roman mastery of new building techniques, especially the use of brick and concrete, and of their new concepts of architectural design”(Scarre 64). Architectural design referring to the Imperial style, however this building is unique in that it blends together other aspects of design. The Pantheon is a sacred space for everybody, and its size and scale has made it one...

Brunelleschi and The Romans: A Comparison of Technique

1041 words - 4 pages Brunelleschi's inspirational Pazzi Chapel clearly illustrated Roman influence on architecture during the Renaissance. The Pazzi Chapel's overall design was influenced by Brunelleschi's study of building designs in Rome, geometric engineering, and stylistic elements such as: arches, columns, and the importance of light. Filippo Brunelleschi gained much of his architectural signature from his studies in Rome. He was already making a name for...

Gothic Architecture in Europe

1848 words - 7 pages The research paper, shall be concerned with discussion Gothic architecture in Europe-namely England, France, Germany, and Italy starting from 12th to the 16th Centuries. Architecture was the most original and lasting form of art during the Gothic Period, which lasted for four centuries starting from the mid 12th century. The impetus for this architecture was the Roman Catholic Church, which sought to portray their houses of worship as...

Classical Roman Art Vs. Early Christian Art

1027 words - 4 pages Classical Roman Art Vs Early Christian There are many similarities and differences between Classical Roman and Early Christian Art. What particularly stands out to me is how much these two cultures have in common when it comes to their art and architecture. Romans were geniuses when it came to engineering and we can see that in the monuments they left behind. Many early Christian architectural styles and ideas were adopted straight from...

The Influence of Humanism in the Architecture of Classical Greece and Rome

965 words - 4 pages Throughout history, there have been numerous factors that have influenced the development of western architecture. The most influential factor of classical architecture was humanism. The ideology of humanism is an attitude centered chiefly in the values, interests, and potential of human beings (Webster's II New Riverside Dictionary 205). Humanism is what leads to the development of the Classical World as we know it.In the Classical...

0 thoughts on “Greek Vs Roman Architecture Essays

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *